The Quran and the Orientalists
The Qurï¿½an and the Orientalists takes in to account the views and assumptions advanced about the Qurï¿½an by the doyens of the orientalists of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries like William Muir, Theodor Noldeke, David Margoliouth, Arthur Jeffery, Richard Bell, Montgomery Watt, and others. These views are analyzed and discussed in three broad parts. In the first part are discussed those that constitute a direct allegation of the Prophetï¿½s authorship of the Qurï¿½an, particularly, his alleged borrowing from Judaeo-Christian sources, the question of his literacy and the alleged environmental influence on him in general. In the second part are dealt with those that revolve around the question of the Qurï¿½anic wahy and are aimed at showing that the Qurï¿½anic revelation proceeded in some form or other from the mind and personality of the Prophet, thus supplementing the allegation of his authorship.